Due to various factors such as injury, age, bad posture and arthritic conditions, joints can become stiff and painful. This can create tension in nearby muscles, tendons and ligaments. Joint mobilisations help to release these stiff joints and relax the surrounding tissues. If pain is associated with this decreased movement, loosening up the structure that causes the restriction can often relieve the pain.
The effects of joint mobilisations are:
- Reduced joint stiffness
- Reduced pain
- Increased mobility/range of motion at a joint
In addition, certain stretching and strengthening exercises are performed to prevent the pain from returning.
Joint mobilisations have also proved to be effective in treating movement impairment in the physically challenged and the elderly. It is especially effective in the treatment of arthritic joints.
How are the joint movements performed?
Joint mobilisations consist of gentle passive movements which are performed by the therapist. It involves moving the joints in such a way that a small movement of the actual bone surfaces takes place. The movements are performed several times to improve joint range and help reduce pain; this involves performing a back and forth oscillation of the join with constant re-assessment throughout the treatment to ensure the chosen mobilisation is having the desired effect. Mobilisations are performed in grades, therefore depending what stage the injury is at or what it is you are wanting to achieve (i.e. reduction of pain would be a grade I/II, for stiff painless joints grade III/IV would be more appropriate).
Joint mobilisations are a safe, gentle, and effective method of physical therapy and are normally used in conjunction with other treatment therapies.
Fit n Well provides Joint Mobilisations sports therapy treatment in Stone, Staffordshire.